Monday, March 7, 2016

Dianne Craft & Biology of Brain and Behavior

Background info about Dianne Craft
  • Received Bachelor's degree in Elementary and Special Education from St. Cloud State University in Minnesota in 1966 
  • Received her Master's degree in Special Education from the University of Northern Colorado in 1990
  • Created and began teaching the workshop "Brain Integration Therapy" in 1988 
  • Also, created two more popular workshops called:  "Teaching Strategies for the Right Brain Child" & "The Biology of Learning (Behavior)"
  • Retired from teaching in 1997 after 25 years but wanted to continue working with children, so she created her own consulting firm called Child Diagnostics, Inc. in 1997
  • In 1999 she became a Certified Nutritional Health Professional 
Learning Gates
Dianne has a long time passion for discovering the reason as to why children struggle with learning and behavior. According to Dianne there are four main learning gates that need to be functioning in order for a child to have an easier time learning.  
These four "learning gates" include,
  • Visual processing 
  • Visual motor (writing) processing 
  • Auditory processing
  • Focus/attention processing
According to Dianne, there is typically a debate amongst educational experts about which approaches are best to use with a child, compensation or correction.  Dianne argues that it is possible to pursue both simultaneously.  She believes that compensation makes the learning task easier while the correction reduces the stress in the child's learning system so that learning can flow.  She calls this "opening up the child's learning gate."  

For more about the learning gates watch this video,



Dianne explains how the right brain is responsible for long-term memory storage.  She writes about how this process of storing material in the short-term memory and then transferring it to long-term memory is automatic.  However, when the left brain methods of repetition (either orally or in writing) are not transferring to the right brain long-term memory storage unit, then this is when right brain teaching strategies come into play.  Dianne explains how when we use right brain teaching strategies with children, they are required to use much less energy to store learned material.

For specific right brain strategies that can be implemented, go to the link below

Check out this video for strategies for right brain child and reading,


Check out this video for sight word


Research related to Biology of the Brain & Behavior

Dianne posted an interesting article about the relationship between learning, behavior and attention disorders to an essential fatty acid deficiency in children.  Essential fatty acids are specific fats and oils that cannot be produced in the body, rather they must be obtained in a person's diet or a deficiency will exist.  In a study in 1981, it was reported that a large number of hyperactive children showed deficiencies in essential fatty acids.  Recent studies have proven that specific brain functions such as, memory, attention, speech and specific motor skills are effected by deficiency in essential fatty acids, specifically the DHA content in fish oil.  Children with poor motor skills and poor coordination often lack essential fatty acids.  Specific effects of DHA relate to the elimination of the gaze aversion in children with autism.  Dianne states that when she speaks at Autism Conferences, she shows before and after pictures of children with Autism showing the lack of gaze aversion after receiving this vital nutrient.  Besides affecting gaze aversion, parents report increased socialization, speech, bladder control and sensory processing after even a short exposure to this supplementation.  To obtain Omega 3's and the important DHA into a child's diet, use a liquid orange-flavored cod liver oil and add vitamin E liquid drops.  To obtain Omega 6 oils, rub an open capsule of evening primrose onto a child's wrists.  For more information go to this link, http://www.diannecraft.org/essential-fatty-acids-the-brain/

Another article by Dianne speaks about the ability of brain training with music and the effect music has on brain growth and development.  It has been found that auditory brain training can help children organize their thoughts, focus attention, help with balance, and understanding of phonics, reading, spelling, and oral instructions, particularly in the presence of background noise.  For more information go to this link, http://www.diannecraft.org/brain-training-with-music/


        




Tuesday, January 19, 2016

The Benefits of Aging in Place

Aging in Place (AIP) is a term that describes older adults being able to live in a residence of their choosing, while maintaining quality of life, and having access to any services, which they might need (Hager, 2012). 

Why is AIP important to older adults?

  • A survey done by the AARP shows that 87 percent of adults age 65 years and older want to stay in their current home and community as they age, among people age 50 to 64, 71 percent of people want to age in place (AARP Livable Communities, 2014). 
  • A loss of social relationships and personal possessions often accompany relocation to a new living environment (Iecovich, 2014). 
  • AIP can be viewed as advantageous regarding a sense of attachment and feeling of security and familiarity in both home and community environments (Wiles, Leibing, & Guberman, 2011). 
  • Ultimately, this can lead to positive outcomes such as better physical health, improved mental well-being, and a higher quality of life (Sixsmith & Sixsmith, 2008).
  • Economic factors are another reason as to why older adults prefer to age in place.  A major benefit of AIP is cost reduction, as it less expensive for people to stay living in their homes, compared to moving to other residential care facilities (Metlife Mature Market Institute, 2013). 


Important Statistics

  • The number of Americans 65 and older in the United States is projected to increase to 55 million in 2020, to 70 million by 2030, and to 88.5 million in 2050 (Werner, 2011). 
  • According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (2013), from 2004 to 2007, the median monthly payment for non-institutional long-term care was $928 compared with $5,243 for nursing homes.  This provides evidence of the economic benefits that aging in one’s own home can have on the older adult population.  
  • The cost of home modifications and remodeling is very dependent upon the individual’s home design and condition along with the individual’s needs.  In a 2010 survey, fall prevention modifications, such as removing throw rugs and installing grab bars in the bathroom were approximated to cost $1,000 or less (Metlife Mature Market Institute, 2013). 
  • A no-step entry, single-floor living, extra wide doorways and hallways and accessible electrical outlets are universal accessibility features that can improve an older adult’s ability to age in place. The 2011 American Housing Survey reported that only one percent of housing in the U.S. has all of these universal design features (Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University, 2014) 




Monday, January 11, 2016

Home Automation and how it's helpful


Home automation is the automation of the home and household work or activities through the use of items that can be controlled through a timer, motion sensor, smartphone, or other avenues. 
This kind of automation can be used to streamline one's home and can also be used to increase the quality of life for those who may otherwise need specialized care through a caregiver or an institution such a group home. The use of items that can automate one's home can be pivotal in allowing people to maintain their independence while also enabling these people to be able to engage in the activities that are meaningful to them. Homes that have this capability have also been called "Smart Homes", implying that the home has the ability to achieve tasks that other homes without home automation would be unable to do.

Home automation tools that can be used through one's smartphone can be pivotal to being able to effectively use these tools, and without a smartphone or similarly associated tablet, it may be difficult to utilize home automation tools to their full potential. Being able to properly access these tools will allow the user to turn on lights, lock doors, control the temperature in the home, control appliances, maintain home security, and do a variety of other tasks. For more on what different kinds of home automation tools can do for you, and how these tools could work for you, follow this link: home automation possibilities. One of these home automation systems is the Iris by Lowe's. This system is connected through the home's Wifi and can be used to control most of the above areas that were touched upon above.
  

From locking doors at night, to making sure all the lights are off before bed, Iris allows one to access the full use of their home without having to make all the individual changes to the home one at a time. This could be very important for those who are currently living a disability or with a limitation that does not allow them to reach all parts of the home in a timely and safe manner while they are alone. For these people, having a smart home where a person can ensure their home is safe and secure without having to go and check each area can be key in maintaining one's independence. Use of a Smart Home to Adults with Disabilities


Whether one decides to use the Iris system from Lowe's, or one if prefers to go with a custom home automation system like the one in the video above, it is clear to see that home automation can be effectively used to help people maintain a higher quality of life, especially in regards to the elderly or those with disabilities.
Home automation enables people like the elderly or those with disabilities to be able to engage in the activities they need and want to be able to do without taking away their independence or sacrificing quality of life to do so. However, this is an avenue that many homeowners and people with a steadily declining quality of life such as the elderly or those with disabilities do not seriously consider. This may be because of how new this technology is and it therefore has not become widely known as a possibility for these people, or because of its cost and perceived difficulty to set up. When considering the cost of a daily aide or another vehicle to help one accomplish a similar goal, modifying the home to make it a "Smart Home" is a cost-saving option that one does not have to keep paying for in order for it to work for you. Approximate cost of making your home "smart". As far as difficulty is concerned, one may be surprised that setting up a home automation tools are not as complicated as one might think. Getting Started with Home Automation. Modifying one's home with home automation tools in order to create a smarter home may be an effective way to increase the quality of life for oneself, or a loved one, and should not be overlooked when considering methods to maintain independence. There is no one right answer to how to properly approach maintaining quality of life without sacrificing independence for each individual, but a smart home may just be an overlooked answer that could help a good amount of people.

The Benefits of Home Automation Systems


For this week’s research assignment, I researched the topic of home automation systems.  This topic interested me specifically because my current research project is about aging in place for older adults and after watching the videos posted below and reading information about these different automation systems, I realized that this could be very useful for many people with disabilities, including older adults who want to be able to continue living independently in their own home.  My grandma also has a life alert system that monitors and senses her motion throughout the day and will notify my family if she falls at anytime throughout the day and send paramedic help.  I know how safe and secure this makes her and my family feel therefore, I understand the importance and benefits that these automation systems can provide for individuals with and without disabilities.    

Home automation systems can provide an increased quality of life for individuals who may have previously required caregivers or others to help in order to complete simple tasks such as, turning lights on and off or opening/closing doors.  The specific features that many of these automation systems include are, controls for lighting, temperature, blinds, opening and closing doors, and turning on or off devices/appliances.  Many of these automation systems are connected through smartphones using an app.  With the touch of a button or a simple voice command, many of these simple tasks can be automatically done.  The cost of home automation systems can be expensive, however, different features can be bought separately if the entire system is not needed in order to save money.          

One major benefit that can result from using one of these systems is independence in the home.  In an article titled, “For the disabled, smart homes are home sweet home” by Gupta (2015), an example of a guy named Steve O’Hear was discussed.  Steve moved into his home in London about fifteen years ago and was unable to turn the lights on and off by himself because of his electric wheelchair.  Even though the switches in his house were built lower than usual for him, they were still too high, therefore he had to rely on others to turn the lights on and off for him until he discovered that he could use Internet-connected lights and switch them on and off through an app on his smartphone.  Another benefit from these automation systems is safety and security.  With the touch of a “Goodnight” button, doors can be locked, temperature set, lights off, and anything else that is programmed to change at nighttime can be done with ease and comfort.  

This is a home automation system called Vivo by Fermax.  VIVO Monitor is a system that can maximize communication and security through a wide variety of different functions. 


This is a home automation system sold at Lowe's called the Iris.  The Iris system connects with your smartphone via an app and becomes your controller for connecting devices throughout your home.  This system can help turn devices on and off, open and close doors or blinds, and automate events to happen through voice command or with a motion detection.  For example, this device can be programmed to have the lights turn on automatically when you walk into the room.  Essentially, this device puts management of your home at your fingertips.  

Links to Videos:

The video posted below shows a smart apartment located in the Helen Hayes hospital in New York that is available for therapists to use with patients in order to practice using the different controls and features.  It demonstrates how with the blink of an eye or simple voice command, tasks such as, opening a door or opening the blinds are now accessible and available to many different people.   


The video link posted below shows a smart home located in Boulder, Colorado where many different automation devices are set up and programmed throughout the house to provide independence and safety.



Additional information links:






Friday, May 16, 2014

Sensory room

Sensory Room for Severely Multiply Impaired Students

The creation of a sensory room is dependent upon the population that will be utilizing the room. I had the opportunity to create a sensory room that could be utilized by the students that are severely multiply impaired. The sensory room incorporated lots of switches, allowing the students to activate music, lights, and toys. The room also contained items that glowed in a black light, a ball pit, and bubbles. Below I will attach multiple pictures with descriptions to help explain what was included in the sensory room.  

Water beads
Here are the water beads that glow in a black light. The water beads were not purchased as glow in the dark water beads but were created. Here are the step by step directions to create the glow in the dark water beads:
1. Take new water beads. Or water beads that you let shrink back down to their original size. Place the water beads into an empty tub or bucket.
2. Take a non-toxic highlighter 
and break it open using a hammer. 
Take the inside spongy part of the
 highlighter out.
3. Take the inside spongy part of the highlighter and cut it open using scissors.

4. Hold the spongy part over the tub filled with water beads then dump cups of warm water over the spongy part until all the yellow runs out of it and it turns white.
5. Repeat the same process with about 3-5 highlighters (dependent on the amount of water beads you have). 

Little Room
This was designed using glow in the dark string and random items. The purpose is for the objects to target the sensory system and/or elicit movement. 
The objects can focus on the visual, tactile or 
auditory systems. The goal is for the student to
 attempt to grab, hit or visually track the objects
 that interest them.  The students were placed
 underneath the grate so that the hanging items
 surrounded them. The items ranged in height,
 some were placed at tray level whereas others 
were placed at eye level (depends on what you
 are going for).  The black light was set up in 
front of the little room to make sure that all the 
items would glow. 

 


 Bubbles
The sensory room contained a bubble machine that was located near the black light. The bubble solution was a black light solution allowing the bubbles to glow. A switch was used to activate the bubble machine. The students were able to push down on a button to turn the bubble machine on and off.





 
Ball pit
Placed Christmas lights on top and surrounding a ball pit. The students would be set inside the ball pit allowing them to explore. This set up encouraged the students to visually attend and provided tactile input.
 





 Switch station
Here are some of the toys we placed on switches. The toys either played music, had flashing lights or moved. Not pictured were Christmas lights that were on a switch. 

 







 
Sound beam
The sound beam converts the student's movements into music. The position and the sensors can be adjusted to focus on the movement or abilities that the student has so that he/she can be successful when using it.


Fan and feathers
To set up this activity you need a bed net, fan and feathers. The bed net was placed near the black light and hot pink feathers were used to add to the sensory experience. The students could turn the fan on using a switch and the feathers would float around them inside the bed net. 





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